International Institutional Mechanism for addressing Gross Human Rights Violation

Amnesty, Red Cross, UN are some state and non state actors which are international organisations responsible for regulating the protection of Human Rights Across the world. The blog talks about the importance and function of these.

Introduction

“To deny people their human rights or human rights violation is to challenge their very humanity”. These are the golden words quoted by the first president of South Africa, ‘Nelson Mandela’. He understood the importance of Human Rights for a human and fought for it all his life. On 10th December 2018, the world celebrated the 70th Anniversary of UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights). In the past 70 years, many Organisations, both Governmental and Non-Governmental, left no stone unturned to safeguard the human rights of the people from all over the world. The last 70 years have seen some of the gruesome violations of human rights. But there have been some fortunate events also which authored the supremacy of the Human Rights in the World.

International Institution Safeguarding Human Rights

Institutions have been established on both national and international level for curbing the violation of Human Rights. At global level, United Nation is the central organisation which looks upon the Human Rights of the people[1]. There is plethora of other Organisations who perform the arduous task of protecting the Human rights:

1.Amnesty International-

It is worldwide movement of people who crusade for the internationally recognized human rights for all. This organisation consists of 2.2 million members and is subscribed by more than 150 countries. The main task of the organisation is to conduct research and to take action for preventing the violation of human rights and demand justice for the victims of violation.[2]

2. Anti-Slavery International-

It is an international non-governmental organisation which was found in 1839, it is the world’s oldest international human rights organisation and is based in the United Kingdom. It works exclusively against slavery related abuse.

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3. Red-Cross-

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest philanthropic and humanitarian organisation. It provides relief and assistance without any discrimination.

4. Care-

This organisation works for women empowerment and gender equality. Its commitment is based on the experience and expertise in dozens of countries and in every development sector.[3]

Contribution by Organisations

All International, national, governmental and non-governmental organisations contribute their part in the prevention of the human rights violations. For instance, Human Rights were of great importance for the European Union and countries which were interested in joining the EU for economic benefit, has to respect the human rights as well. International Human Rights has allowed the world to interfere in the matters of a country if there is violation of human rights, otherwise earlier the countries would have exploited the laws on the name of “Sovereignty”.[4]

The USAID includes human rights as a self-contained development objective and arranges the work into two different streams:

  • Ascertaining access to basic services and rights for everyone and prohibiting the factors which impede access to those services.
  • To advance the civil and political rights, specifically in closing or closed spaces through DRG Sector programme.[5]

Likewise, Amnesty International also has principles and guidelines which every major company have to adhere to. According to the guidelines and principles, the multinational companies have the responsibility to contribute for the human rights. Every employee working in these MNCs should get the freedom from discrimination, Right to life, Freedom from slavery, Freedom for association, etc. It is the duty of the company that there must not be happening of any type of abuse against the employee of the company.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is well known for its efforts in providing relief to the victims of armed conflicts and internal violence all over the globe. It is also well known as “Guardian” of International Humanitarian law which is applicable in the situation of armed conflicts. This complex function is bestowed on the organisation by the International Committees only.[6]

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Similarly, every International Organisation or regional organisation working for human rights, contributes to this noble cause in their own way. Some organisations work for women empowerment, some for the rights of the labour, some for the children, some for the workmen, etc.

Effectiveness of International Institutions

The International Organisations working for the human rights face many restrictions but still their work and activities have been crucial to the promotion and advancement of human rights around the globe. These Organisations work in synchronisation with other mechanisms to safeguard the human rights. These mechanisms consist of the awareness of the human rights amongst the public, domestic human rights institution and NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations).[7]

NGO organisations have worked as conscience for protection of human rights by their instant investigation and analysis of the human rights and its violation and publishing their suggestions. The NGOs play many important roles while safeguarding the human rights. Some of the roles are the social welfare role, the mediatory role, the consultative role, supporting innovation, demonstration and pilot projects, facilitating communication and more.[8]

Conclusion

The International Institutions have achieved radical progress in the field of Human Rights for which they must be appreciated. The International Organisations of different kinds and idiosyncrasies have effectively changed the structure of International Human Right Regime. But there still is a lot of barriers which hinders the functioning of these institutions. These hinders should be eradicated these institutions should be seen as growing establishment that are bound to reach their zenith having impressive achievements in short span of time.

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[1]Monika Mayrhofer “et al”, International Human Rights Protection: Institutions and Instrument, Frame (Jan, 31, 2014), http://www.fp7-frame.eu/frame-reps-4-1/.

[2]Human Rights Organisation, United for Human Rights (UHR), www.humanrights.com/voices-for-human-rights/human-rights-organizations/non-governmental.html.

[3]Human Rights Organizations, Raptim, www.raptim.org/20-international-human-rights-organizations/.

[4] Eric Posner, The cas against Human Rights, The Guardian (Dec, 4, 2016), www.theguardian.com/news/2014/dec/04/-sp-case-against-human-rights

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[5]Daniel Greco, Protecting Human Rights, USAID, (June, 5, 2017), www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/democracy-human-rights-and-governance/protecting-human-rights.

[6]Yves Sandoz, The International Committee of the Red Cross as guardian of International Humanitarian Law, International Committee for Red Cross (Dec, 31, 1998), www.icrc.org/en/doc/resources/documents/misc/about-the-icrc-311298.html.

[7]Hosea Luy, Effectiveness of International Institutions for Human Rights, UKESSAYS (Oct, 16, 2017), www.ukessays.com/essays/politics/effectiveness-international-institutions-human-1278.php.

[8] Jyo, Reakization of Human Rights- Role of NGO, Legal Services India, http://www.legalservicesindia.com/article/1275/Realization-of-Human-Rights-and-Role-of-NGO.html.