Marijuana Usage: How the Indian Law regulates it

The author in this article discusses Marijuana usage and the Indian laws that regulate and the fact that there are states which rely upon the development of cannabis. Remembering the first employment of marijuana, the author is of the opinion that pot ought to be sanctioned in India.

What is Marijuana?

Marijuana is a medication made up of a hemp plant called Cannabis Sativa. The cannabis plant is likewise used to make paper, fuel, cleanser, rope, maps, net, bind, jute sacks, oil for lighting, paint, animal nourishment, salves, and so forth. The generation of marijuana has been available in India since the antiquated period, the time of flourishing divine beings and goddesses. The present status of marijuana in India is characterized as an unlawful medication on the grounds that if smoked and breathed in high measurement, it brings about mental or physical symptoms that are harmful in nature. Marijuana usage is only a plant the creation of which helps in producing numerous valuable items for our everyday survival. The question is why ought to the administration boycott marijuana usage when it knows about the way that its generation helps in the fabrication of numerous valuable items. In the end, there are states which rely upon the development of cannabis. Remembering the first employment of marijuana usage, the author is of the opinion that pot ought to be sanctioned in India.

Medical Aspects of Cannabis

WEIGHT LOSS – As indicated by a journal in 2011, the American Journal of Medicine, the bloatedness is reduced in those individuals who use cannabis in contrast with nonusers.[1] In animal tests, the medication also affected the measure of fat inside the body and additionally its reaction to inner discharge. Cannabis mixes were appeared to lift digestion system in rats, bringing about lower levels of fat in the liver and it also lowers the level of cholesterol. Human trials are being conducted is search of a medication focusing on stoutness related illnesses.

MIGRAINS – Cannabis has mitigating properties which help in giving alleviation to the patient. The impacts are said to be a “thousand times more powerful than that of ibuprofen.” Doctors in California have treated more than 3, 00,000 or more than that headache cases with the utilization of medicinal pot. It has brought about successful treatment of a large number of diseases, for example, various sclerosis, rheumatoid joint inflammation, and Alzheimer ailments.

PSYCHOACTIVE DRUG – It falls in the ambit of antidepressants, psychedelic drugs, offering alleviation to the individual from all kind of agony for a couple of hours. Cannabis is a blend of every one of these properties making it most chased after. THC is normally considered as the key part of the cannabis plant; different reviews have proposed that specific different cannabinoids like CBD may likewise assume a noteworthy part in its psychoactive impacts.

Indian Laws and Marijuana

According to section 2 (iii) of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985[2], Cannabis (hemp) means

  1. charas, that is, the separated resin, in whatever form, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrated preparation and resin known as hashish oil or liquid hashish;
  2. ganja, that is, the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant (excluding the seeds and leaves when not accompanied by the tops), by whatever name they may be known or designated; and
  3. any mixture, with or without any neutral material, of any of the above forms of cannabis or any drink prepared from that place.

Now as per the NDPS Act, the definition does not cover bhang. This states that consumption of bhang can be taken as legal. So yes, selling of bhang on festive occasions is legalized by the Indian government. It was also laid down in the case of Arjun Singh v. State Of Haryana[3] that bhang does not fall under the definition of cannabis. Thus, the use of bhang is not a punishable offence. It is mostly sold in religious cities or ghats in Northern India by special vendors permitted by the state government. The state selling bhang has to keep an eye over the sellers as bhang can be used to prepare more potent intoxicants.

Also read Aid to Drugs Abuse Victims: Role of Society & State


[1] The health and social effects of nonmedical cannabis use, WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. Availabe at- https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/msbcannabis.pdf?ua=1.

[2] Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, section 2 (iii), Act of Parliament (India).

[3] 2005 CriLJ 253.